Geoscience is an interdisciplinary and “socially-minded” area of science. Many aspects of can impact the general public. Effective written communication is crucial in because the science needs to be explained to both the public and other scientists. must be aware when writing to these different audiences in order to explain content at appropriate levels of complexity.
This section has help for the types of writing assignments that you're likely to have as a student in geosciences. It also includes style guides from key associations in your field. These style guides may help you become familiar with particular conventions of your discipline.
It’s important to learn how to take field notes so that others can understand what you saw -- and why it matters -- without having to see it for themselves. To do this, pair writing with effective visuals (e.g., descriptions, sketches, and diagrams). You don't need to be a great artist--just make sure everything is clear, labeled, and precise. Also, pay attention to context: consider the geologic setting, likely environments of formation, current weathering, climate history, and biological influence on formation and/or weathering.
For more information, see Field notes (University of California Santa Cruz)
You may use your field notes to prepare technical reports. Depending on the audience and purpose, geological reports may be brief or very detailed and may include site characterization, illustrations, analysis, and conclusions. Ask your professor about the specific format you should use. Many geological reports use American Psychological Association (APA) style, which you can find at the Purdue Online Writing Lab.
Writing a thesis is the final -- and, often, the most intimidating -- research paper you’ll write as a geoscience undergraduate. Your thesis will include the components of technical writing.
The STEM Graduate Student Research libguide, Although written for graduate students, this libguide gives helpful information for your thesis writing.
Schreyer Honors College, Includes pertinent information about writing a capstone research paper.