Discipline-specific writing is challenging, especially when you are new to the field. This section of the guide provides helpful writing tips specific to your EMS major.
The scientific process is reflected in the convention of typical sections of technical papers. The general structure is the following: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (IMRaD).
|Introduction||States hypothesis||States research problem, objectives, context & why reader should care|
|Methods||Details how hypothesis was tested||Description of experimental procedure (e.g., explain materials used, how they were prepared, how measurements were made and what calculations were performed)|
|Results||Provides data (not interpreted)||Expresses data in relevant forms (e.g., tables, figures)|
|Discussion||Interprets data||Explores practical and theoretical implications, analyzes patterns and relationships, explains limitations of experimental design|
Online resources for general information on technical writing
Beyond the body of the work: titles, abstracts and more
Writing an effective title and an abstract are crucial to whether or not your paper will ever see the light of day. And by the way, don't use figurative language such as this expression in your technical documents. Concentrate on precision and concision.
Peer review and other feedback
Peer-review is an essential element of the transfer of experiment into shared information for the scientific community. Manuscripts are critically read by other scientists. These peer-reviewers then suggest whether the manuscript be accepted, rejected, or revised and improved before it is published.
Visualizing data: tables, charts and maps