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Census: Microfilm Collections & Services

This guide focuses on locating people in the census microfilm reels.

1870 Census

Objective: To locate a specific person who lived in Pennsylvania in 1870.  In this example we are tracking Warren Taylor, who lived in Western Pennsylvania and should have been counted during the Federal Population Census for Pennsylvania in 1870.  We want to confirm this information and determine any other information about his family collected by the census enumerator in 1870. 

1870 Census: Pennsylvania reel listing located at bottom of guide.The Internet can be a valuable tool to aid in your Census search.  There are many sites that provide information.  Census Online contains over 44,000 links to US census records, census calculators, and census forms from 1790-1930.  The microfilm information and the internet information can be used together to complete a search for an individual.  Links to Internet sources have been inserted throughout this document that complement and, in some cases, replace the print indexes or the census microfilm.  Please note that the microfilm constitutes the primary source and should be consulted for errors in transcription. 

Please ASK the staff at Microforms & Government Information, 2nd floor Paterno Desk at any time for additional help or clarification about how to locate the sources or information.

The indexes for the Pennsylvania Census in 1870 are divided into 3 sections:

  1. Central PA
    1. Pennsylvania Central 1870 Census Index Vol. I,  A – K,  HA605.P46 2001 v. 1
    2. Pennsylvania Central 1870 Census Index Vol. II,  L – Z, HA605.P46 2001 v. 2
  2. Eastern PA
    1. 1870 Pennsylvania East Census Index Vol. I, A – K, HA605.P462 1994 v. 1
    2. 1870 Pennsylvania East Census Index Vol. II,  L - Z,  HA605.P462 1994 v. 2                       
  3. Western PA
    1. Pennsylvania 1870 West Census Index Vol. I, A – K, HA605.P467 1993 v. 1
    2. Pennsylvania 1870 West Census Index Vol. II,  L – Z, HA605.P467 1993 v. 2
    3. Pennsylvania 1870 West Census Index Addendum,  HA605.P467 1993 addendum

Step 1:  Begin in Microforms & Government Information, 2nd floor Paterno, and locate the book titled, Pennsylvania West 1870 Census Index Volume II L - Z (Call number: HA605.P467 1993 v. 2) in the Indexes and Guides Section.  

Step 2: Locate the person you are searching in the Pennsylvania West 1870 Census Index. Names are listed in alphabetical order by last name.  The name range is found on the top of the page.  To follow along with our example, you will find TAYLOR, WARREN listed on page 1646.  See Example 1 below. 

The Index only includes the name of the Heads-of-Household with the following exceptions:

  • Someone residing within the home who has a different surname, regardless of age.
  • Any male 50 years of age or older
  • Any female 70 years of age or older
  • Any color or race change (where the surname stays the same)
  • Any individuals living in an orphanage

Example 2:  Showing the location of the page number on the original page ledger

1870 ledger page number

Then, you will need to locate Warren Taylor’s name on the ledger page. 

Names of individuals are not in alphabetical order on the ledger page. Read the page carefully to locate Warren Taylor’s name.  The 19th Century script and the microfilm quality can sometimes present interesting challenges for the researcher!

  Example 3: Showing Warren Taylor’s name on the original ledger page

1870 ledger

Step 7:  Review the information collected for Warren Taylor in the 1870 census.  (See example 4)

A blank 1870 census form  from Ancestry.com can be printed to assist your collection of data from the microfilm.

In 1870, the following 20 columns of information were collected:

  1. Dwelling houses numbered in the order of visitation
  2. Families numbered in order of visitation
  3. The name of every person whose place of abode on the first day of June 1870 was in the family
  4. Description
  5. Age at last birthday.  If under 1 year, month shown in fraction.
  6. Sex – Males (M), Female (F)
  7. Color – White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I)
  8. Profession, occupation, or trade of each person, male or female5 years of age
  9. Real Estate Owned
  10. Value of Real Estate
  11. Personal Property
  12. Place of birth – State or Territory of the U.S., Country if foreign born
  13. Parentage
  14. Father of foreign birth
  15. Mother of foreign birth
  16. If born within the year, state month
  17. If married within the year, state month
  18. Attended school within the year
  19. Education
  20. Cannot Read
  21. Cannot Write
  22. Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic
  23. Constitutional Relations
  24. Male Citizen of the US 21 years of age and upwards
  25. Male Citizen of US 21 years of age and upwards whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime

1870 Ledger

Warren Taylor was a 32 year old male who lived in Sharon Boro in Mercer County, PA.  He was an Artist born in Ohio.  There were 9 people in his household including:  Elizabeth Taylor (30 year old female, born in PA), Byers Taylor (10 year old male, born in PA), William Taylor (8 year old male, born in PA), Warren Taylor (6 year old male, born in PA), and Elizabeth Taylor (2 year old female, born in PA).  We also know that the value of their real estate was $12,000 and the value of their personal estate was $1,800. 

information iconA search for Warren Taylor in 1870 at Census online provided the following information for Warren Taylor.  This information was a confirmation to the information that I had previously discovered, however, I noticed that the real estate property value was incorrect (noted as 2,000 instead of 12,000)

282A 22 6 6 Taylor Warren, 32, m, w, Artist 2000 1800 OH, citiz,

282A 23 6 6 Taylor Elizabeth, 30, f, w, Keeps House, PA, f.f.b.,m.f.b.,

282A 24 6 6 Taylor Byers, 10, m, w, At School, PA, school,

282A 25 6 6 Taylor William, 8, m, w, At School, OH, school,

282A 26 6 6 Taylor Warren, 6, m, w, PA,

282A 27 6 6 Taylor Frank, 4, m, w, PA,

282A 28 6 6 Taylor Elizabeth, 2, f, w, PA,

282A 29 6 6 Roberts Elizabeth, 58, f, w, Grand Mother, Wales,f.f.b., m.f.b.,

282A 30 6 6 Todd Molly, 18, f, w, Tailoress, PA

1870 Census: Pennsylvania reels 1289 - 1470

Reel No. Names of Counties (Pennsylvania) Note

Reel 1289

Adams

[Volume 1] pg.1-397A

Reel 1290

Allegheny  (City)

[Volume 2] pg. 1-331

Wards 1- 3

Reel 1291

Allegheny (City)

[Volume 2] pg. 333-674

Wards 4-8

Reel 1292

Allegheny

[Volume 2] pg. 675-794A

and

[Volume 3] pg. 1-301A

Excluding cities of Allegheny and Pittsburg

Reel 1293

Allegheny

[Volume 3] pg. 302-676A

Excluding cities of Allegheny and Pittsburg

Reel 1294

Allegheny

[Volume 4] pg. 1-349

Excluding cities of Allegheny and Pittsburg

Reel 1295

City of Pittsburg

[Volume 4] pg. 350-583

Wards 1-5

Reel 1296

City of Pittsburg

[Volume 5] pg. 1-335

Wards 6-10

Reel 1297

City of Pittsburg

[Volume 5] pg. 337-630

Wards 11-15

Reel 1298

City of Pittsburg

[Volume 6] pg. 1-242A

Wards 16-23

Reel 1299

Allegheny

[Volume 6] pg. 243-679

Excluding cities of Allegheny and Pittsburg

Reel 1300

Armstrong

[Volume 7] pg. 1-259

Reel 1301

Armstrong

[Volume 7] pg. 260-572A

Reel 1302

Beaver

[Volume 7] pg. 574-712

Reel 1303

Beaver

[Volume 8] pg. 1-341A

Reel 1304

Bedford

[Volume 8] pg. 342-732A

Reel 1305

Berks

[Volume 9] pg. 1-409A

Excluding the city of Reading

Reel 1306

Berks

[Volume 9] pg. 411-663A

Excluding the city of Reading

Reel 1307

City of Reading

[Volume 9] pg. 665-851A

and

[Volume 10] 1-245A

Reel 1308

Berks

[Volume 10] pg. 246-532A

Excluding the city of Reading

Reel 1309

Blair

[Volume 11] pg. 1-255A

Reel 1310

Blair

[Volume 11] pg. 256-496

Reel 1311

Bradford

[Volume 12] pg. 1-364A

Reel 1312

Bradford

[Volume 12] pg. 365-696

Reel 1313

Bucks

[Volume 13] pg. 1-437A

Reel 1314

Bucks

[Volume 13] pg. 438-831

Reel 1315

Butler

[Volume 14] pg. 1-254

Reel 1316

Butler

[Volume 14] pg. 255-493

Reel 1317

Cambria

[Volume 15] pg. 1-262

Reel 1318

Cambria

[Volume 15] pg. 263-485A

Reel 1319

Cameron

[Volume 15] pg. 486-543A

Reel 1320

Carbon

[Volume 16] pg. 1-365

Reel 1321

Centre

[Volume 16] pg. 366-617

Reel 1322

Centre

[Volume 16] pg. 618-829

Reel 1323

Chester

[Volume 17] pg. 1-343A

Reel 1324

Chester

[Volume 17] pg. 345-687A

Reel 1325

Chester

[Volume 18] pg. 1-342

Reel 1326

Clarion

[Volume 18] pg. 343-697

Reel 1327

Clearfield

[Volume 19] pg. 1-346

Reel 1328

Clinton

[Volume 19] pg. 347-660

Reel 1329

Columbia

[Volume 20] pg. 1-384A

Reel 1330

Crawford

[Volume 21] pg. 1-447A

Reel 1331

Crawford

[Volume 21] pg. 449-843A

Reel 1332

Cumberland

[Volume 22] pg. 1-334A

Reel 1333

Cumberland

[Volume 22] pg. 335-573

Reel 1334

Dauphin

[Volume 23] pg. 1-443A

Reel 1335

Dauphin

[Volume 23] pg. 444-793

Reel 1336

Delaware

[Volume 24] pg. 1-265A

Reel 1337

Delaware

[Volume 24] pg. 266-520A

Reel 1338

Elk

[Volume 25] 1-109

Reel 1339

Erie

[Volume 25] pg. 111-275

Excluding the city of Erie

Reel 1340

City of Erie

[Volume 25] pg. 276-430A

Wards 1-3

and

[Volume 26] pg. 1-97A

Wards 4-6

Reel 1341

Erie

[Volume 26] pg. 99-541A

Excluding the city of Erie

Reel 1342

Fayette

[Volume 27] pg. 1-287

Reel 1343

Fayette

[Volume 27] pg. 288-571A

Reel 1344

Forest

[Volume 28] pg. 1-60

Reel 1345

Franklin

[Volume 28] pg. 62-322A

Reel 1346

Franklin

[Volume 28] pg. 323-647A

Reel 1347

Fulton

[Volume 29] pg. 1-126

Reel 1348

Greene

[Volume 29] pg. 127-469

Reel 1349

Huntingdon

[Volume 29] pg. 471-887A

Reel 1350

Indiana

[Volume 30] pg. 1-273

Reel 1351

Indiana

[Volume 30] pg. 274-485A

Reel 1352

Jefferson

[Volume 31] pg. 1-293A

Reel 1353

Juniata

[Volume 31] pg. 294-823

Reel 1354

Lancaster

[Volume 32] pg. 1-272

Reel 1355

Lancaster

[Volume 32] pg. 274-479A

Reel 1356

Lancaster

[Volume 33] pg. 1-417A

Reel 1357

Lancaster

[Volume 33] pg. 418-562

Reel 1358

Lancaster

[Volume 34] pg. 1-243

Reel 1359

Lancaster

[Volume 34] pg. 244-528A

Reel 1360

Lawrence

[Volume 35] pg. 1-357A

Reel 1361

Lebanon

[Volume 36] pg. 1-443

Reel 1362

Lehigh

[Volume 37] pg. 1-388A

Reel 1363

Lehigh

[Volume 37] pg. 389-778

Reel 1364

Luzerne

[Volume 38] pg. 1-367A

Excluding the city of Scranton

Reel 1365

Luzerne

[Volume 38] pg. 368-725

Excluding the city of Scranton

Reel 1366

Luzerne

[Volume 39] pg. 1-412A

Excluding the city of Scranton

Reel 1367

Luzerne

[Volume 39] pg. 414-627

Excluding the city of Scranton

Reel 1368

City of Scranton

[Volume 40] pg. 1-445A

Reel 1369

Luzerne

[Volume 40] pg. 446-721A

Excluding the city of Scranton

Reel 1370

Lycoming

[Volume 41] pg. 1-312

 Reel 1371

Lycoming

[Volume 41] pg. 313-633

Reel 1372

McKean

[Volume 41] pg. 634-754

Reel 1373

Mercer

[Volume 42] pg. 1-430A

Reel 1374

Mercer

[Volume 43] pg. 1-227A

Reel 1375

Mifflin

[Volume 43] pg. 228-461

Reel 1376

Monroe

[Volume 44] pg. 1-241

Reel 1377

Montgomery

[Volume 44] 242-682A

Reel 1378

Montgomery

[Volume 45] pg. 1-323A

Reel 1379

Montgomery

[Volume 45] pg. 323-618A

Reel 1380

Montour

[Volume 46] pg. 1-208A

Reel 1381

Northampton

[Volume 46] pg. 209-444A

Reel 1382

Northampton

[Volume 47] pg. 1-253A

Reel 1383

Northampton

[Volume 47] pg. 254-560A

Reel 1384

Northumberland

[Volume 48] pg. 1-233

Reel 1385

Northumberland

[Volume 48] pg. 234-547

Reel 1386

Perry

[Volume 49] pg. 1-343A

Reel 1387

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 49] pg. 344-677A

Ward 1

Reel 1388

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 50] pg. 1-381A

Ward 2

Reel 1389

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 50] pg. 383-625

Ward 3

Reel 1390

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 51] pg. 1-391

Ward 4

Reel 1391

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 52] pg. 1-224A

Ward 5 & 6

Reel 1392

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 52] pg. 225-614A

Ward 7

Reel 1393

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 53] pg. 1-333

Ward 8

Reel 1394

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 54] pg. 1-149A

Ward 9

Reel 1395

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 54] pg. 151-593

Ward 10

Reel 1396

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 55] pg. 1-243A

Ward 11 & 12

Reel 1397

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 55] pg. 244-500

Ward 13

Reel 1398

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 56] pg. 1-286

Ward 14

Reel 1399

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 56] pg. 287-683A

Ward 15

Reel 1400

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 57] pg. 1-163A

Ward 15

Reel 1401

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 57] pg. 165-510

Ward 16

Reel 1402

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 58] pg. 1-161A

Ward 17

Reel 1403

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 58] pg. 163-481

Ward 18

Reel 1404

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 59] pg. 1-235A

Ward 19

Reel 1405

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 59] pg. 236-562

Ward 19

Reel 1406

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 60] pg. 1-424

Ward 20

Reel 1407

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 60] pg. 426-694A

Ward 20

Reel 1408

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 61] pg. 1-291

Ward 21

Reel 1409

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 61] pg. 292-475A

Ward 22

Reel 1410

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 62] pg. 1-261A

Ward 23

Reel 1411

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 62] pg. 262-664A

Ward 24

Reel 1412

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 63] pg. 1-151A

Ward 25

Reel 1413

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 63] pg. 152-341A

Ward 26

Reel 1414

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 63] pg. 342-603A

Ward 26

Reel 1415

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 64] pg. 1-341A

Ward 1

Reel 1416

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 64] pg. 343-733

Ward 2

Reel 1417

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 65] pg. 1-245

Ward 3

Reel 1418

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 65] pg. 246-567A

Ward 4

Reel 1419

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 66] pg. 1-348

Ward 5 & 6

Reel 1420

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 66] pg. 349-752A

Ward 7

Reel 1421

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 67] pg. 1-312A

Ward 8

Reel 1422

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 67] pg. 313-525A

Ward 9

Reel 1423

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 68] pg. 1-312A

Ward 10

Reel 1424

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 68] pg. 320-709A

Ward 11 & 12

Reel 1425

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 69] pg. 1-259A

Ward 13

Reel 1426

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 69] pg. 260-552A

Ward 14

Reel 1427

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 70] pg. 1-321

Ward 15

Reel 1428

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 70] pg. 322-582

Ward 15

Reel 1429

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 70] pg. 583-833

Ward 16

Reel 1430

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 71] pg. 1-277

Ward 17

Reel 1431

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 71] pg. 278-621

Ward 18

Reel 1432

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 72] pg. 1-275

Ward 19

Reel 1433

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 72] pg. 276-588A

Ward 19

Reel 1434

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

Volume 73] pg. 1-381

Ward 20

Reel 1435

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 73] pg. 383-733A

Ward 20

Reel 1436

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 74] pg. 1-180A

Ward 21

Reel 1437

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 74] pg. 181-498A

Ward 22

Reel 1438

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 74] pg. 499-775A

Ward 23

Reel 1439

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 75] pg. 1-339A

Ward 24

Reel 1440

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 75] pg. 348-591A

Ward 25

Reel 1441

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 76] pg. 1-195

and

451-478A

Ward 26

Reel 1442

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 76] pg. 196-449A

Ward 26

Reel 1443

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 77] pg. 1-264A

Ward 27

Reel 1444

City of Philadelphia (second enumeration)

[Volume 77] pg. 265-395A

Ward 28

Reel 1445

City of Philadelphia (first enumeration)

[Volume 78] pg. 1-338A

Ward 27 & 28

Reel 1446

Pike and Potter

[Volume 78] pg. 339-619A

Reel 1447

Schuylkill

[Volume 79] pg. 1-366

Reel 1448

Schuylkill

[Volume 79] pg. 367-717A

Reel 1449

Schuylkill

[Volume 80] pg. 1-366A

Reel 1450

Schuylkill

[Volume 80] pg. 388-797A

Reel 1451

Snyder

[Volume 81] pg. 1-211

Reel 1452

Somerset

[Volume 81] pg. 212-579A

Reel 1453

Sullivan

[Volume 82] pg. 1-86A

Reel 1454

Susquehanna

[Volume 82] pg. 88-333A

Reel 1455

Susquehanna

[Volume 82] pg. 334-592A

Reel 1456

Tioga

[Volume 83] pg. 1-218A

Reel 1457

Tioga

[Volume 83] pg. 219-461A

Reel 1458

Union

[Volume 83] pg. 462-668

Reel 1459

Venango

[Volume 84] pg. 1-295A

Reel 1460

Venango

[Volume 84] pg. 297-598A

Reel 1461

Warren

[Volume 85] pg. 1-318A

Reel 1462

Washington

[Volume 85] pg. 319-515

Reel 1463

Washington

[Volume 86] pg. 1-446A

Reel 1464

Wayne

[Volume 87] pg. 1-443A

Reel 1465

Westmoreland

[Volume 88] pg. 1-399

Reel 1466

Westmoreland

[Volume 88] pg. 400-764A

Reel 1467

Wyoming

[Volume 89] pg. 1-194

Reel 1468

York

[Volume 89] pg. 196-552

Reel 1469

York

[Volume 90] pg. 1-358

Reel 1470

York

[Volume 90] pg. 360-644A