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APA Quick Citation Guide

This guide contains examples of common citation formats in APA (American Psychological Association) Style 7th edition

Web Pages

If you are citing an entire website, it is not necessary to include a citation for the website in your reference list. Simply include the title and address within the text of your paper.

Example:
The Kids Health website includes information for parents on children's health, behavior and development from birth through adolescence (http://kidshealth.org).

When citing specific information from individual web pages, use the following elements to create your citation. For more information on creating citations when some of the elements are missing, see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines page on missing reference information.

More examples of citations for web pages are on the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines page.

Note: Citations with more than one line of text should have a hanging indent of 1/2 inch or 5 spaces.

Important Elements

  • Author (if known). If no author, use title
  • Date of publication. If no date, use n.d.
  • Title of web page (in italics)
  • Publisher, if known (if the author and publisher are the same, omit the publisher)
  • URL (web address) of the web page

Web page with author

Asmelash, L. (2019, August 14). Social media use may harm teens' mental health by disrupting positive activities, study says. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/08/13/health/social-media-mental-health-trnd/index.html

Web page with organizational author

American Cancer Society. (2019). Genetics and cancer. http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/genetics.html

Web page with no author

Claustrophobia. (2019, May 7). https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/claustrophobia/

Social Media

If you link to original content, such as a blog post or news article, through social media, cite only that content, not the social media site. For more information on citing social media see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines entries for YouTube videos, Facebook posts, and tweets.

YouTube Video:

Howcast. (2010, October 29). How to recognize claustrophobia symptoms [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t5QL3ksAPA