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APA Quick Citation Guide

This guide contains examples of common citation formats in APA (American Psychological Association) Style 7th edition

Business Reports

Below are some examples for citing reports available from business-focused databases. For more examples of citing information from databases with proprietary content, see the Database Information in References section of the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines web page.

Include the database name if the content is available only through that database. If the content will be updated over time, include a retrieval date.

Note: Citations with more than one line of text should have a hanging indent of 1/2 inch or 5 spaces.


Include a report number, if given, in parentheses after the title. Because the reports are updated over time, include a retrieval date.

Hyland, R. (2018, December). Single location full-service restaurants in the US (Industry Report 72211b). IBISWorld. Retrieved October 24, 2019, from


Notice that unlike IBISWorld, Mintel does not provide report numbers. Because the reports are updated over time, include a retrieval date.

Failla, J. (2019, February). Full service restaurants – US. Mintel. Retrieved October 24, 2019, from

Mergent Intellect and Mergent Online:

Mergent Intellect and Mergent Online do not provide report numbers,  an author name, or a publication date. Because the reports are updated over time, include a retrieval date.

The Walt Disney Company [Company profile]. Mergent Intellect. Retrieved February 15, 2022, from