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APA Quick Citation Guide

This guide contains examples of common citation formats in APA (American Psychological Association) Style 7th edition


Note: Citations with more than one line of text should have a hanging indent of 1/2 inch or 5 spaces.

Important Elements:

  • Author (last name, initials only for first & middle names)
  • Publication date
  • Title (in italics; capitalize only the first word of title and subtitle, and proper nouns)
  • Publisher (Note: do not include publisher location)
  • For books retrieved online, include DOI, if available. Include URLs only if they will work for readers. For articles retrieved through a database, do not include the database information or URL in the reference. For more information, see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines.

Entire book:

Goodpaster, K. E., Nash, L. L., & de Bettignies, H. (2006). Business ethics: Policies and persons (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

American Medical Association. (2004). American Medical Association family medical guide (4th ed.). Wiley.

Post, E. (1923). Etiquette in society, in business, in politics, and at home. Funk & Wagnalls.

Chapter within an edited book:

Winne, P. H. (2001). Self-regulated learning viewed from models of information processing. In B.J. Zimmerman & D.H. Schunk (Eds.), Self-regulated learning and academic achievement (2nd ed., pp. 160-192). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


Tolstoy, L. (2006). War and peace. (A. Briggs, Trans.). Viking. (Original work published 1865).

Article in a reference work:

Gianoulis, T. (2013). Hipsters. In T. Riggs (Ed.), St. James encyclopedia of popular culture (2nd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 675-676). St. James Press. 

Dictionary entry:

Note: Because entries in Merrian-Webster's Dictionary are updated over time, APA recommends including a retrieval date.

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.) Hipster. In dictionary. Retrieved October 18, 2019 from