Link will take you to the governments site [web site design doesn't allow for persistent URL]. Click on Agency sites to drill down to the Statistics Department which is the National Statistical Office. Reports and data available in English.
Canada: access to electronic data files from the 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011 census.
E-STAT is Statistics Canada's dynamic interactive teaching and learning tool available on the Internet. It is designed to bring an enormous warehouse of timely, reliable and accurate data about Canada and its ever-changing people to educational institutions, using current Canadian Socio-economic Information Management System(CANSIM) multidimensional tables, and the most recent census data, as well as historical data. E-STAT lets you bring the columns of data to life by presenting them as colourful graphs and maps, which reveal the trends.
Access to electronic data files from the 1990, 2000, and 2010 Census.
The National Population Census of China Database (NPCC) provides access to digitized reports and Excel files of the population census published by China Statistics Press. Currently Penn State has access to data from the 4th (1990), 5th (2000) and 6th (2010) censuses. Included are key publications from China's Five-Years Plan for Economic and Social Development. This resource includes population data of the whole country, 31 provinces and centrally administered municipalities. Bilingual (Chinese and English) display is provided. You may switch between languages at the top left corner.