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BBH 310: Research Strategies for Studying Biobehavioral Health

Dr. Penelope Morrison

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is a list of the research you have used to inform your study and includes full citations for each source as well as a paragraph after each citation that describes and evaluates each source. The format should look like an APA style References page,  but with a paragraph after each citation. 

The purpose is to document the scholarly conversation that is underlying your research project. It is the perfect stepping stone to writing your literature review. 

Tips for Writing Your Annotated Bibliography

  • As you read each article, highlight or take notes on the main points.
  • Do not repeat any information from the citation. 
  • Use the third person (don't use "I").
  • Paraphrase instead of quoting; shows understanding on your part and keeps it brief. 

Your annotation should do the following:

  • ​summarize the main points of the article and explain the methodology
  • evaluate the methodology behind the study 
  • reflect on the relationship of the article to other studies in your bibliography or the relevance of the article to your study

Abstract vs. Annotation

An abstract is merely a summary and can often be found at the beginning of the article in the journal where it appeared.

An annotation begins with a summary but concludes with comments evaluating the article's methodology and putting it in conversation with the other works on the bibliography. 

WARNING: Do NOT copy and paste the abstract that was found in the journal into your annotation. You must summarize the article in your own words.