Here's a quick guide to some key legal terms.
In law talk, primary sources are the laws themselves.
Laws may consist of administrative regulations, statutes, and court cases.
Secondary sources are articles, books, videos, training resources, and web sites that explain and interpret the law. Scholarly journal articles about the laws are known as law reviews.
Welcome! This page provides a list of resources specifically for your 360-Degree Video Project. I salute you for doing this project. The videos you create will give you practical knowledge of the use of force and also help many future students.
The resources below can help us create videos by answering these questions:
Please cite any resource that gives you inspiration or ideas for your video. An APA guide is listed on the left sidebar.
If you run across other sources that would be helpful to your fellow students, please let me know and I'll add them to this page.
Good luck and please remember to stop by my office or email me (firstname.lastname@example.org) anytime you need help finding sources!
Criminal Justice Librarian
Penn State Berks
References sources like dictionaries and encyclopedia provide definitions and background info. Scan through these to get a summary of your topic as you begin your research.
Everyone will want to look at the primary sources--the laws--when studying use of force situations. The laws define police authority in use-of-force situations. Important Note: Please note that different jurisdictions have different laws. Most of the specific laws below deal with municipal police in PA. If your video portrays other police forces (State Police, FBI, ATF, etc.), you will want to search Nexis Uni, Westlaw, and the web for laws specific to those police forces.
Police Training & Policy Resources
These resources are especially useful for creating our videos because they offer guidelines, handbooks, graphics, templates, videos, and scenarios used to train police in the legal use of force.
Scholarly Journal Articles
What are the best practices in police use of force? Which techniques work best? Scholarly journal articles--intensive, critical studies conducted by faculty at universities--can help us answer these questions. We can act out examples of effective, legal use of forces in our videos. The Discussion and Conclusion sections usually have the main ideas.
The news media can give us recent examples of police use of force. Important Note: some articles are based on breaking news, allegations, and rumors, so please investigate the facts about a use-of-force incident thoroughly and critically in multiple sources.