Skip to Main Content

MLA Quick Citation Guide

This guide contains examples of common citation formats in MLA (Modern Language Association) Style

Film and Television Shows

For more information on citing movies and TV shows see the MLA Style Center.


Hidalgo. Directed by Joe Johnston, Touchstone/Disney, 2004.


Ballroom Dancing. Directed by Steve Kemsley, American Home Treasures, 2006. DVD.

Episode in Television Series on Netflix

"The Chinese Restaurant." Seinfeld, created by Larry David and Jerry Seinfeld, season 2, episode 11, Castle Rock Entertainment, 1991. Netflix,


Personal interview:

Smith, John. Personal interview. 31 Aug. 2007.

Indirect Sources

If you refer to or quote from a source that is cited in another source, list only the source you consulted directly (the secondary source) in your works cited list. Name the original source in the text of your paper, and cite the secondary source in parentheses:

Wallace argues that "prior experience with nonnative speech facilitates comprehension" (qtd. in Smith 203).

In this example, only the Smith source, which was consulted directly, would be included in the works cited list.

Whenever possible, try to find and consult the original source. If the Penn State University Libraries does not have the original source, we can try to get it for you through interlibrary loan.

Map Citation

Important elements:

  • Author’s last name, first name, middle initial (if given, or person responsible for content) if listed
  • Title of map (underlined or italicized)
  • Descriptive label (e.g., Map, Graph, Photograph)
  • City of publication: Publisher, date of publication (if available)
  • Title of online collection (underlined or italicized)
  • Date of posting or most recent update of collection
  • Name of project or reference database (underlined or italicized)
  • Name of sponsoring institution
  • Date of access and electronic address

Title of map. Descriptive label. City of publication: Publisher, date. Title of Online Collection. Date of posting. Database. Sponsoring institution. Day Month Year of access <electronic address>.




Map of the West Coast of Africa from Sierra Leone to Cape Palmas, including the Colony of Liberia. Map. Philadelphia: Finley, 1830. Map Collections 1500-2004. 3 May 2005. American Memory. Lib. of Congress. 1 Aug. 2005 <>.

Geospatial Data 

Author(s). Title. Publisher, Year, DOI or URL 

Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Pennsylvania county boundaries. PASDA, 2021, Accessed 13 April 2021.  

Interactive map application 

Donald W. Hamer Center for Maps and Geospatial Information. State College change through time. ArcGIS Online, 2017, Accessed 13 April 2021.  

ArcGIS Online layer 

View the item details for credits (attribution) information. 

Centre County Government GIS Department. Hydrography. ArcGIS Online, 2020, Accessed 13 April 2021.