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MLA Quick Citation Guide

This guide contains examples of common citation formats in MLA (Modern Language Association) Style


The 9th edition of the MLA Handbook recommends using the following core elements in every citation. If elements are missing from the source, they should be omitted from the citation.

Title of source.
Title of container,
Other contributors,
Publication date

For more information on citing articles see the MLA Style Center.

Article in a magazine:

Koren, Marina. “Astronomy’s Most Dazzling Era Is About to Begin.” The Atlantic, 24 Jan. 2022,

Article in a newspaper:

Bakalar, Nicholas. “To Hippos, a Wheeze and a Honk Mean More Than Just ‘Hello!’” The New York Times, 25 Jan. 2022,

Article in a scholarly journal:

Stock, Carol D. and Philip A. Fisher. “Language Delays Among Foster Children: Implications for Policy and Practice.” Child Welfare, vol. 40, no. 3, 2006, pp. 445-462.

Article in a scholarly journal from JSTOR:

Probst, Jennifer C., et al. "Increase in Numbers and Potential Phenological Adjustment of Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds (Archilochus Colubris) during Autumn Migration at Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, Eastern Pennsylvania, 1990–2014." The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, vol. 129, no. 2, 2017, pp. 360-364. JSTOR,

Book Review:

Rifkind, Donna. “Breaking Their Vows.” Review of The Mermaid Chair by Sue Monk Kidd. Washington Post, 10 Apr. 2005, p. T6.