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CAS 100A: Effective Speech

Jim Hart (Penn State Scranton)


After reading a reference source entry and learning that the artistic style used to depict his reign drastically differed from the traditional art style used by previous dynasties, the focus of this informative speech shifted from Akhenaten's life to how he was depicted.

stone carving of Amenhotep III (Akhenaten's father)

Amenhotep III (Akhenaten's father)

kairoinfo4u, [CC BY-SA 2.0]

stone carving of Akhenaten

Akhenaten (originally Amenhotep IV)

Lander, [CC BY-SA 3.0]

2. Discover

Searching for Factual Information

  • Whether you are preparing to give an informative or persuasive speech, you need some factual information to share with your audience.  Reference sources are research tools that contain factual background information on a wide range of topics.
  • Start by using one of the reference collections available through University Libraries (digital or the print collection at our campus' library) to gather the information you need for your speech. 
  • Through reading the sources you collect and learning more about your speech topic, you may even choose to specify your original idea even further!

Resources for Finding Sources

Reference Collections

Articles for Additional Information