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After reading a reference source entry and learning that the artistic style used to depict his reign drastically differed from the traditional art style used by previous dynasties, the focus of this informative speech shifted from Akhenaten's life to how he was depicted.
Whether you are preparing to give an informative or persuasive speech, you need some factual information to share with your audience. Reference sources are research tools that contain factual background information on a wide range of topics.
Start by using one of the reference collections available through University Libraries (digital or the print collection at our campus' library) to gather the information you need for your speech.
Through reading the sources you collect and learning more about your speech topic, you may even choose to specify your original idea even further!
The catalog contains entries of all materials owned by University Libraries, including information on our campus' print Reference Collection. You can limit to our local collection by selecting "Scranton-Reference Collection" in the "Location" area when doing an advanced search, or stop in to browse the collection in person!
This is the online catalog of materials owned by Penn State Libraries. All formats (books, journals, audiovisuals, maps, recordings, etc.) are included. Circulation status for individual items is also provided. Coverage: Presently contains about 7 million records. Updates: Continuous up-to-the-minute as new records are added.
This databases allows you to explore areas of interest by subject. The brief entries in many of the reference works in this collection can help with learning enough about an unfamiliar topic to narrow it down, or to just explore something new.
Oxford Reference Online consists of a wealth of facts, figures, definitions, and translations found in dictionary, language reference, and subject reference works published by Oxford University Press.
This collection of SAGE reference works has an array of subject areas within the social science fields. You can search by the type of resource, such as "encyclopedias", to ensure your results will contain the type of information you need.
A gateway to those SAGE reference publications (encyclopedias and handbooks) Penn State has acquired.
This resource has articles and essays related to debatable issues that are often current and controversial. You will may find helpful sources to support your argument and to craft a counterargument for your persuasive speech.
Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center provides research and background information on social issues. The database contains the essays from the Opposing Viewpoints series, supplemented by statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Keywords: hot topics, current events, social issues, social trends, English 15, CAS 100, background information, general interest, contemporary issues, overviews.
This database contains reports detailing issues, including controversial topics, and may provide additional context surrounding the information you gather from reference sources.
The CQ Researcher is a collection of reports covering political and social issues, with regular reports on topics in health, international affairs, education, the environment, technology and the U.S. economy. Keywords: hot topics, current events, social issues, social trends, archive, English 15, CAS 100, background information, general interest, contemporary issues, overviews.
Academic Search Complete is a multi-disciplinary database with scholarly journal articles drawn from journals in many different academic disciplines. This database is especially helpful if your topic is more academic or if you are looking for newspaper articles on popular topics.
Academic Search Complete is a comprehensive scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 5,300 full-text periodicals, including 4,400 peer-reviewed journals. In addition to full text, this database offers indexing and abstracts for more than 9,300 journals and a total of 10,900 publications including monographs, reports, conference proceedings, etc. The database features PDF content going back as far as 1865, with the majority of full text titles in native (searchable) PDF format.
More than 300 online publications (electronic journals, books and reference works) for researchers and professionals in 57 subject areas such as Communication & Media Students, Business & Management, and Cultural Studies.
More than 300 online publications (electronic journals, books and reference works) for researchers and professionals.
This easy to search database contains a wide array of American and international news articles covering a broad range of subjects such as business, sports, politics, culture, and people.
The electronic editions of record for local, regional, and national U.S. newspapers as well as full-text content of key international sources -- all in one easy-to-search database with a world map. Each provides unique coverage of local and regional news, including companies, politics, sports, industries, cultural activities, and people in the community, as well as a distinctive focus offering a variety of viewpoints on local and world issues. Also includes limited streaming video.