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CAS 100A: Effective Speech

Jim Hart (Penn State Scranton)

2. Discover

Searching for Factual Information

  • Whether you are preparing to give an informative or persuasive speech, you need some factual information to share with your audience.  Reference sources are research tools that contain factual background information on a wide range of topics.
  • Start by using one of the reference collections available through University Libraries (digital or the print collection at our campus' library) to gather the information you need for your speech. 
  • Through reading the sources you collect and learning more about your speech topic, you may even choose to specify your original idea even further!

Resources for Finding Sources

Reference Collections

Articles for Additional Information