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CAS 100: Effective Speech (Penn State Berks)

Welcome to the research guide for CAS 100 classes at Penn State Berks!

MLA Style

The 8th edition of the MLA Handbook recommends using the following core elements in every citation. If elements are missing from the source, they should be omitted from the citation.

Author.
Title of source.
Title of container,
Other contributers,
Version,
Number,
Publisher,
Publication date
Location.

For online sources:

  • Include the URL (without http:// or https://). Angle brackets are not used around it.

  • Use DOIs (digital object identifiers) when possible.

  • Citing the date when an online work was consulted is optional.

  • Placeholders for unknown information like n.d. (“no date”) are no longer used.

‚ÄčNote: MLA recommends using hanging indentation for the second and subsequent lines of each entry.

Additional MLA Resources