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MGMT 461: International Management (World Campus)

APA Citations

Use the print Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition).

  • This print manual is located in the general collection (stacks) using the call # BF76.7.P83 2020

Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) Citations

Always consult with your instructor and your syllabus for guidance on using, quoting, and citing generative AI tools, such as ChatGPT.

To cite generative AI in APA style, see the entry on “How to Cite ChatGPT” from the official APA style website.

  • APA Example:
    • In-text:
    • When prompted “Why is toxic positivity a problem in the workplace,” the ChatGPT-generated text indicated that “toxic positivity can be harmful as it can lead to a dismissive attitude towards the concerns or struggles of employees” (OpenAI, 2023)
    • Entry in Reference list:
    • OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 23 version) [Large language model].

APA Citations in PowerPoint

APA does not have official guidelines about how to format a PowerPoint slideshow in APA format


It is likely during your time at Penn State that you will be asked by a professor to create a PowerPoint presentation with a References Slide(s).

Follow these steps:

  1. Use LinkedIn Learning to access PowerPoint 2021 Essential Training, a series of free PowerPoint tutorials.
  2. Watch the 2:24 minute video from the Charles "T." Jones Leadership Library at Central Penn College on how to cite PowerPoint slides in APA.