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ENGL 015: Rhetoric and Composition (Pangikas-Miller)

Recommended library resources for Essay # 3, exploring an environmental or social issue.

Evaluating Information

One way to quickly evaluate the information in front of you is to consider the "3 C's":  

john snow, game of thrones, meme saying "Has it occurred to you that it might not have been a reliable source of information?"

Credibility (their expertise makes your paper more authoritative)

  • Who is the author? (okay to "Google" them)
  • What makes them an expert on this subject?
  • Is the author's intention to educate (share knowledge) or persuade?


  • Is it good enough for college-level research? Or is it too basic? Too "scholarly" (assume a level of understanding beyond your grasp)?
  • Does it provide you with new knowledge?
  • Does it support or challenge what you already know about the subject?


  • Is it current enough for your research needs? Or could you likely find something more recent?
  • Does it provide you with an accurate snapshot of the time? Fill in blanks of recent events? Provide a history or synthesis of relevant information?
  • Remember, currency is relative:
    • Newspapers = published every day or weekly
    • Magazines = published weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly
    • Scholarly Journals = published quarterly (on average)
    • Books = take a year or more to write, publish, and distribute
    • Statistics = often take a year or more to collect, analyze, publish, and distribute