The CRAAP test is a test to check the objective reliability of information sources across academic disciplines. CRAAP is an acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose.
Currency - timeliness of the information
Relevance - the importance of the information for your needs
Authority - the source of the information
Accuracy -the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content
Why do you trust it?
Purpose- the reason the information exists
From: Korber, Irene. "LibGuides: Literature Reviews: Evaluating Info". libguides.csuchico.edu. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
How do you evaluate encyclopedias and handbooks?
The University Libraries provide access to many specialized encyclopedias in a variety of fields of study. However, you should also be prepared to evaluate each for its scholarly value. Below are some suggestions of what to look for:
How do I know if the article comes from a scholarly journal?
There are a couple of ways to do this.
Let's use the following ASA citation for our example:
Baltzell, E. Digby. 1976. “The Protestant Establishment Revisited.” American Scholar 45:499-519.
1. Searching Ulrich
Searching Ulrich's database (see below) for American Scholar" we discover that this magazine is published by the Phi Beta Kappa Society and is not peer-reviewed or referred.
2. Browsing the journals website
If we search for the website of the journal Deviant Behavior you can explore the Aims and Purpose or the Instructors for Authors to determine if there is a peer-review process. You can also see that the journal is affiliated with the:
Mid-South Sociological Association (MSSA)
American Sociological Association (ASA)
Identifying types of articles in scholarly journals
It is important to understand that scholarly peer-reviewed journals publish other types of articles. These include:
Often these different types will be included in the article masthead.
Finally, a quick way to determine whether the article is an empirical study is to determine if the article has the general parts of a scholarly article:
title, abstract, literature review, methods and data, results, discussion and conclusion, and references.
These are discussed in this article: How to Read (and Understand) a Social Science Journal Article
Significance of the Journal & Article
Often the question will be asked, "Is this an important journal or article"? This is not always straightforward. There are a couple of ways that this is approached:
Citation Counts: Copy and paste the title of the article in Google Scholar to determine the "number of times it has been cited". This process will generally help you to discover the impact. "However, some things to consider:
Disciplinary Databases: each discipline has an important database associated with its publications. The important journals in the disciplines are targeted by these resources and often identified by the academic associations. For a list of library databases for social deviance go to:
Library Databases for Social Deviance
Journal Impact: Often certain journals in a discipline are cited more often than others. The Journal Citation Reports (see link below to the database) published by the Web of Science are often used to determine a journal's impact.
This research guide identifies three types of legal resources: secondary sources, statutory sources, and law reviews. Each of these types of resources has some unique issues that you will need to consider.
Court Cases. WestLaw Campus Research is a powerful search engine for discovering court cases. When you discuss court cases it is important to determine:
Statutory Sources. Some other things to consider:
Law reviews are a unique type of publication. Some things you need to consider are:
When evaluating reports, consider the following criteria: