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ENGL 015 & 30: Rhetoric and Composition (Berks)

Welcome to the library guide for ENGL 15 & 30 students at Penn State Berks!

Identifying & Brainstorming Keywords

Example Search Term Brainstorming

Topic:  How effective is pet therapy for elderly patients suffering from depression?

Major concepts:  pet therapy, elderly patients, depression

  Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3

Major concept

pet therapy

elderly patients

depression

Synonyms

animal therapy

animal assisted therapy

geriatric patients

melancholy

sadness

despair

Broader terms

psychiatry

therapeutic

rehabilitation

psychotherapy

elderly

aged

older people

mental health

psychology

psychiatry

mental illness

Narrower terms

animal assisted therapy

elderly women

chronic depression

Related words

pets

attachment theory

attachment behavior

gerontology

mood

therapy

Search Strategies

Search Strategy What it does Example
AND

All terms must appear

Narrows your search

Fewer results

Use to include multiple concepts

video games

AND

violence

OR

Either term may appear

Broadens your search

More results

Use for related concepts

concussion

OR

traumatic brain injury

NOT

Removes a term from your search

Narrows your search

Fewer results

Use for concepts you do not want to research

pet therapy

NOT

dogs

Phrases

Search for exact phrases

Narrows your search

Fewer results

"animal assisted therapy"

Generate Keywords for Your Topic (Fullerton)