Caution: many of the publications that you will find from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), and the National Criminal Justice Reference Service(NCJRS) are not "scholarly articles". However, they are an important type of literature known as Gray Literature that can enhance your introduction to your research.
Defining gray literature
In general, gray literature publications are non-conventional, fugitive, and sometimes ephemeral publications. They may include, but are not limited to the following types of materials
(Alberani, 1990). Alberani V, Pietrangeli PDC, Mazza AMR (1990). The use of grey literature in health sciences: a preliminary survey. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 78(4): 358-363.
How do scholarly articles differ from "gray literature"?
What are handbooks?
Often times a particular topic gains ongoing scholarly interest that attracts the interest of a publisher or research organization. Authors who are known in the particular field of study are often asked to contribute chapters or to provide editorial oversight for these types of publications. Handbooks can provide a useful overview of the topic and help you identify some of the "movers and shakers" in that particular area of research.
The University Libraries provide access to many specialized encyclopedias in a variety of fields of study. However, you should also be prepared to evaluate each for their scholarly value. Below are some suggestions of what to look for:
These commercial publishers typically publish academic content: Blackwell, De Gruyter, Elsevier, Gale, Macmillan, Peter Lang, Routledge, Sage, Springer Publishers, Thomson Reuters
What is scholarly literature?
Typically when you hear people use the phrase "scholarly literature" they are talking about scholarly journal articles. The problem with this idea is that scholarly literature is not published strictly in journal articles. In fact, there is considerable scholarly literature published in book format. Consequently, many consider the use of the phrase "scholarly literature" to include publications in all formats.
Scholarly journal articles differ from other forms of literature in that they required some type of scholarly review process. Scholarly articles also have a very distinct disciplinary format all of which include a review of literature.
Below is a list of SOME of the key scholarly journals in Criminology and Criminal Justice. Sometimes it helps to simply browse an appropriate titles to generate some ideas about a topic.
Corrections & Courts