Indigenous Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights
"Indigenous people must be centrally involved in developing appropriate frameworks for access and use of their knowledge and knowledge practices." ---- Jane Anderson, Center for the Study of the Public Domain. Duke University School of Law.
Article 31.1 "Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain, control, protect and develop their cultural heritage, traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions, as well as the manifestations of their sciences, technologies and cultures, including human and genetic resources, seeds, medicines, knowledge of the properties of fauna and flora, oral traditions, literatures, designs, sports and traditional games and visual and performing arts. They also have the right to maintain, control, protect and develop their intellectual property over such cultural heritage, traditional knowledge, and traditional cultural expressions."
Francis Gurry, Director General of WIPO, discusses what the World Intellectual Property Organisation is doing within the context of Indigenous Cultural Intellectual Property. Les Malezer, Foundation for Aboriginal and Islander Research Action, Australia and Marisella Ouma, Executive Director, Kenya Copyright Board also talk about the importance of the worldwide protection of Indigenous traditional knowledge and cultural expressions. WIPO is working to address these issues for all Indigenous artists.
WIPO site links to resources for indigenous peoples and local communities.
;The term “traditional knowledge” is used by WIPO as shorthand for the entire field of traditional knowledge (TK), genetic resources (GRs) and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs).
"This booklet was developed in order to promote the role of archives in meeting the administrative, educational, and cultural needs of Aboriginal communities, and to foster the establishment of archives in those communities".