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ENGL 004: Basic Writing Skills

Professor Roger Johnson

Signal Phrases

Integrate your quotes!

Examples of Signal Phrases:

  • “In the words of researchers Long and McKinzie…”
  • “As Paul Rudnick has noted…”
  • “Melinda Stuart, mother of a child killed by a drunk driver, points out…”
  • “…, writes Michelle Moore, …”
  • Note: Avoid “says.”

Verbs in Signal Phrases:

acknowledges declares maintains
admits denies notes
agrees disputes observes
asserts emphasizes points out
believes endorses reasons
claims grants rebuts
confirms illustrates

suggests

contends implies writes