Skip to main content

ENGL 004: Basic Writing Skills

Professor Roger Johnson

Signal Phrases

Integrate your quotes!

Examples of Signal Phrases:

  • “In the words of researchers Long and McKinzie…”
  • “As Paul Rudnick has noted…”
  • “Melinda Stuart, mother of a child killed by a drunk driver, points out…”
  • “…, writes Michelle Moore, …”
  • Note: Avoid “says.”

Verbs in Signal Phrases:

acknowledges declares maintains
admits denies notes
agrees disputes observes
asserts emphasizes points out
believes endorses reasons
claims grants rebuts
confirms illustrates


contends implies writes