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ENGL 015: Rhetoric and Composition (Filbeck)

This guide is for students in Janis Filbeck's ENGL 015 course at Penn State Behrend.

The New MLA Style

In 2016, the Modern Language Association (MLA) published the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook with a similar but new set of guidelines on how to cite sources. They revised the guidelines in order to be more flexible and to better accommodate the online environment. You no longer need to figure out how to cite a particular "kind" of source like a book, DVD, website, etc. Instead, include the 9 "core elements", in the exact order listed below.

Full guidelines can be found in the MLA Handbook. Two copies of this book are located in the library. Ask for them at the desk.

The 9 core elements of a citation, in order: Author, title of source, title of container, other contributors, version, number, publisher, publication date, location. Periods are added after the first two elements, and the last element, all other elements are followed by a comma.












Photo Source: Alabama University Libraries