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AA 193N/ENGL 193N - The Craft of Comics

How to cite comics in MLA

Citing Graphic Novels and Manga in MLA

Follow the basic form at of that as a book. Though pay attention to the special cases as noted below. See Section 5.5.12 of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers for more information.

Basic Format: Author’s last name, first name. Title of work. Publication city: Publisher, year. Medium of publication.


Author as Artist/Illustrator

In a graphic novel, text and illustrations are intermingled. The entry in the works-cited list for a graphic novel entirely created by one person follows the same format as any other non-periodical print publication

Example :  Barry, Lynda. What It Is. Montreal: Drawn & Quarterly, 2008. Print.


Collaborative Works (different author, artist/illustrator)

For graphic novels created through collaboration, start with the person whose contribution is most relevant to your research, following it with a label identifying the person’s role. List other collaborators after the title in the order in which they appear on the title page, also with labels identifying their roles.

Example: Pekar, Harvey, writer. The Quitter. Art by Dean Haspiel. Gray tones by Lee Loughridge. Letters by Pat Brosseau. New York: Vertigo-DC Comics, 2005. Print.

Example:  Robertson, David. 7 Generations : A Plains Cree Saga. Illus. Scott B. Henderson. Winnipeg: HighWater Press, 2012. Print.

(Illus is the abbreviation for illustrator)