On June 15, 2012, the Secretary of Homeland Security announced that certain people who came to the United States as children and meet several guidelines may request consideration of deferred action for a period of two years, subject to renewal. They are also eligible for work authorization. Deferred action is a use of prosecutorial discretion to defer removal action against an individual for a certain period of time. Deferred action does not provide lawful status. Department of Homeland Security
The DACA program was a compromise created by the Obama administration after Congress failed to pass the Development, relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM), which would have offered those who had arrived illegally as children the opportunity of permanent legal residency,.
Those protected under DACA are known as DREAMers.