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MLA Quick Citation Guide

This guide contains examples of common citation formats in MLA (Modern Language Association) Style

Film and Television Shows

Film

Hidalgo. Directed by Joe Johnston, performance by Viggo Mortensen, Zuleikha Robinson, Omar Sharif, and Louise Lombard, Touchstone/Disney, 2004.

DVD

Ballroom Dancing. Directed by Steve Kemsley, performance by Angela Rippon and Ian Waite, DVD edition, American Home Treasures, 2006.

Television Series

Seinfeld. Created by Larry David and Jerry Seinfeld, performance by Jerry Seinfeld, Michael Richards, Jason Alexander, and Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Castle Rock Entertainment, 1989-1998.

Episode in Television Series

"The Chinese Restaurant." Seinfeld, created by Larry David and Jerry Seinfeld, performance by Jerry Seinfeld, Michael Richards, Jason Alexander, and Julia Louis-Dreyfus, season 2, episode 11, Castle Rock Entertainment, 1991.

Interviews

Personal interview:

Smith, John. Personal interview. 31 Aug. 2007.

Indirect Sources

If you refer to or quote from a source that is cited in another source, list only the source you consulted directly (the secondary source) in your works cited list. Name the original source in the text of your paper, and cite the secondary source in parentheses:

Wallace argues that "prior experience with nonnative speech facilitates comprehension" (qtd. in Smith 203).

In this example, only the Smith source, which was consulted directly, would be included in the works cited list.

Whenever possible, try to find and consult the original source. If the Penn State University Libraries does not have the original source, we can try to get it for you through interlibrary loan.