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MLA Quick Citation Guide

This guide contains examples of common citation formats in MLA (Modern Language Association) Style

Books

The 8th edition of the MLA Handbook recommends using the following core elements in every citation. If elements are missing from the source, they should be omitted from the citation.

Author.
Title of source.
Title of container,
Other contributers,
Version,
Number,
Publisher,
Publication date
Location.

For online sources:

  • Include the URL (without http:// or https://). Angle brackets are not used around it.

  • Use DOIs (digital object identifiers) when possible.

  • Citing the date when an online work was consulted is optional.

  • Placeholders for unknown information like n.d. (“no date”) are no longer used.

Print book:

Rollin, Bernard E. Science and Ethics. Cambridge UP, 2006.

Book by a group author:

American Medical Association. American Medical Association Family Medical Guide, 4th edition, Wiley, 2004.

Article or chapter within an edited book:

Winne, Philip H. “Self-regulated Learning Viewed from Models of Information Processing.” Self-regulated Learning and Academic Achievement, edited by Barry J. Zimmerman and Dale H. Schunk, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001, pp. 153-190.

Translation:

Tolstoy, Leo. War and Peace. Translated by Anthony Briggs, Viking, 2006.

E-Reader book (such as Kindle):

Tetlock, Phillip E., and Dan Gardner. Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction. Kindle edition, Crown, 2015.

Note: For more information on citing e-books see the MLA Style Center.