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GEOSC 40: The Sea Around Us

Dr. Laura Guertin

Encyclopedia Sources

Current Events Sources


The CRAP Test

The CRAP Test is an easy way to evaluate sources from the web. We want timely, reliable, accurate information, so ask yourself these questions and see if the site passes the CRAP test. 


  • How recent is the information?
  • How recently has the website been updated?
  • Is it current enough for your topic?


  • What kind of information is included in the resource?
  • Is content of the resource primarily opinion?  Is is balanced?
  • Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations?


  • Who is the creator or author?
  • What are the credentials?
  • Who is the publisher or sponsor?
  • Are they reputable?

Purpose/Point of View

  • Is this fact or opinion?
  • Is it biased?
  • Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?